Continuous testing for Coq projects

🐓 July 25, 2019

Testing that a Coq project works with different Coq versions may be time consuming. This is necessary to deliver with confidence new project releases. Travis CI is a service to run tests on GitHub projects and is free for open-source code. We show a setup to run automated testing with Travis CI using pre-compiled Coq instances and opam. Thanks to that setup, we can automatically and quickly check new pull-requests and commits.

This configuration is directly inspired by the CI setup documentation written by Erik Martin-Dorel.

Travis CI report on a pull-request

Travis CI report on a pull-request

Setting up Travis CI

To show the setup Travis CI, we take the example of the project. We need to create two files at the root of the project:

  • coq-io-system.opam to describe the dependencies;
  • .travis.yml to configure and activate Travis CI.

Describing the dependencies

We create an opam file coq-io-system.opam with the following content:

version: "dev"

opam-version: "2.0"
maintainer: ""
homepage: ""
dev-repo: "git+"
bug-reports: ""
authors: ["Guillaume Claret"]
license: "MIT"
build: [
  [make "-j%{jobs}%"]
install: [
  [make "install"]
depends: [
  "coq" {>= "8.5"}
  "coq-list-string" {>= "2.0.0"}
  "coq-io" {>= "4.0.0"}
  "coq-io-system-ocaml" {>= "2.3.0"}
tags: [
synopsis: "System effects for Coq"

This file describes the dependencies of the project. It can list any other opam packages published on the OCaml repository or the Coq repository. We also give the build and install commands. To check that this file is correct:

# linting to check for typos
opam lint coq-io-system.opam
# adding the Coq repository if not already done
opam repo add coq-released
# installing the package
opam pin add coq-io-system . --kind=path -y

Later on, you may want to publish your package in opam. You can just take this file content and create a pull-request on the Coq repository. Since this opam file is used for continuous testing, you can be pretty confident that your package is correct.

Configuring Travis CI

We add a Travis CI file .travis.yml with the following content:

dist: bionic
language: generic

  - docker

  - PACKAGE_NAME="coq-io-system"
  - COQ_IMAGE="coqorg/coq:8.4"  SHOULD_SUPPORT="false"
  - COQ_IMAGE="coqorg/coq:8.5"  SHOULD_SUPPORT="true"
  - COQ_IMAGE="coqorg/coq:8.6"  SHOULD_SUPPORT="true"
  - COQ_IMAGE="coqorg/coq:8.7"  SHOULD_SUPPORT="true"
  - COQ_IMAGE="coqorg/coq:8.8"  SHOULD_SUPPORT="true"
  - COQ_IMAGE="coqorg/coq:8.9"  SHOULD_SUPPORT="true"
  - COQ_IMAGE="coqorg/coq:8.10" SHOULD_SUPPORT="true"

install: |
  # Prepare the COQ container
  docker pull ${COQ_IMAGE}
  docker run -d -i --init --name=COQ -v ${TRAVIS_BUILD_DIR}:/home/project -w /home/project ${COQ_IMAGE}
  docker exec COQ /bin/bash --login -c "
    # This bash script is double-quoted to interpolate Travis CI env vars:
    echo \"Build triggered by ${TRAVIS_EVENT_TYPE}\"
    export PS4='+ \e[33;1m(\$0 @ line \$LINENO) \$\e[0m '
    set -ex  # -e = exit on failure; -x = trace for debug
    opam update
    opam pin add ${PACKAGE_NAME} . --kind=path --no-action -y
    opam config list; opam repo list; opam pin list; opam list
    " install

- echo -e "${ANSI_YELLOW}Building...${ANSI_RESET}" && echo -en 'travis_fold:start:script\\r'
- |
  docker exec COQ /bin/bash --login -c "
    export PS4='+ \e[33;1m(\$0 @ line \$LINENO) \$\e[0m '
    set -ex
    sudo chown -R coq:coq /home/project
    # Check if the package is compatible with the current environment
    if [ "${SHOULD_SUPPORT}" = "true" ] || opam install ${PACKAGE_NAME} --show-action -y; then
      # First install the dependencies
      opam install ${PACKAGE_NAME} --deps-only -y
      opam list
      # Then install the package itself in verbose mode
      opam install ${PACKAGE_NAME} -v -y
    " script
- echo -en 'travis_fold:end:script\\r'

- docker stop COQ  # optional

This YAML file explains to Travis CI what to do to check the project. We use the coqorg/coq Docker images. These images have pre-compiled versions of Coq with opam, what is crucial to speedup the tests. For each architecture from Coq 8.4 to Coq 8.9 we:

  • check if either:
    • the platform is supposed to be supported if [ "${SHOULD_SUPPORT}" = "true" ],
    • or if opam considers the platform as compatible opam install ${PACKAGE_NAME} --show-action -y;
  • install the dependencies opam install ${PACKAGE_NAME} --deps-only -y;
  • install the project in verbose mode opam install ${PACKAGE_NAME} -v -y.

Using Travis CI

You may need to activate Travis CI for your project in the settings page of Travis CI. Then for each pull-request or commit you will see a green or red mark precising if the project passed the tests, along with detailed logs when you click on it:

Commits in a pull-request

Commits in a pull-request

Error logs

Error logs

Thanks for reading!

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